Blood pressure is a major problem these days and almost every other person suffers from high blood pressure or low blood pressure levels. There are several reasons and it is essential to know what effects blood pressure. The reason might be a simple one like environmental changes to complex disease conditions. A simple reason for high blood pressure might be due to the excessive heat in summer when reflex vasodilation occurs to combat the loss of fluids from the body due to sweating.
There might be internal reasons that explain what effects blood pressure. The heart rate and the thickness of the blood affect the blood pressure as it brings about changes in the way blood circulates in the body. There are several external causes what effects blood pressure. Some of them are diet, lifestyle, exercise, drug, alcohol and disease conditions. After having a proper insight into what effects blood pressure, you will understand that the external causes are more than the reasons within the body. This simply means that, if you have a proper idea of what effects blood pressure, you call try and keep your blood pressure at normal level without letting it go to the extreme limits.
The length of the blood vessel is one of the factors. The longer the blood vessel, the more forcefully will the blood have to pumped from the heart thus increasing the blood pressure. How do the blood vessels increase in length? Fat deposition in the blood vessels will increase the length of the fat tissue and thus the length of the blood vessel. The total blood volume is also a factor what effects blood pressure. When the blood volume increases, the volume of blood entering the heart will also increase which will increase the blood pressure. The blood volume is directly related to salt intake by a process known as osmosis. With the increase of salt in blood, more water is absorbed into blood.
You might have heard that people who suffer from diabetes consequently face blood pressure problem. The reason is the increased amount of glucose in blood that makes increases the viscosity of blood. This increases the thickness of blood and thus leads to increased blood pressure. The blood moves through the cavity, lumen in the blood vessel. Any kind of alteration to the size of the lumen will directly affect the blood pressure. Consider the lumen to be like a garden hose, if there is any blockage in the hose, the flow of water will be disrupted and you will have to apply more pressure to push the water out. The same applies here and the blockage is caused by arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis.
Cigarette smoking is one of the main reasons for arteriosclerosis whereby nicotine causes blood vessels to harden. Atherosclerosis is mainly caused due to the deposition of bad cholesterol which causes blockages in the lumen. They attach to the wall of the blood vessel and cause blockage in the artery. There are the main factors what effects blood pressure and it is better to keep away from these rather than combating with high blood pressure.