Glucose supply is delivered to the body from the carbohydrates that we consume. This glucose that enters the body is broken down to provide fuel for performing the body functions. The glucose molecules are transported in the blood to the several fuel requiring parts of the body where is absorbed by the cells. Insulin is the hormone that is responsible for breaking down the glucose and its transfer into the body cells thus maintaining the blood glucose levels. The beta cells of the pancreas produce the insulin hormone. This is how the blood glucose levels are maintained in a normal human being.
In patients suffering from diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin to meet the demands of the body, or the body does not produce any insulin at all or the insulin produced by the body is not able to make its effect on the glucose breakdown and absorption in the body. Any of these conditions alter the blood glucose levels. This gives rise to many body problems in diabetic patients. In a normal person, the blood glucose levels elevates after a meal. As soon as high blood glucose levels are detected, insulin is released which leads to its breakdown and absorption to release energy.
Blood Glucose Levels
In absence of insulin or insulin action, the blood glucose levels increases in the blood. Increased glucose in blood leads to thicker blood exerting extra pressure on the heart to pump the thick blood. The blood becomes excessively loaded with glucose with the rise in blood glucose levels, making it unable for other substances to be transported through the blood. The increased blood glucose levels also exert increased work pressure on the kidney and liver which aid in the removal of the glucose. The total osmotic balance of the body is lost.
It is better to prevent diabetes rather than to live with it later. Preventing diabetes is not very much possible, but people who have a genetic predisposition to diabetes or faced gestational diabetes, should always check the blood glucose levels at regular intervals to ensure that the levels do not go high. The pre diabetic stage is the stage at which the blood glucose levels are at the border line. Identifying this stage can help to reduce the levels through diet and exercise without medication.
Blood Glucose Levels
There are several methods to monitor blood glucose levels. For a normal person, a simple blood glucose levels check can determine if he is diabetic or not. If there is doubt about the levels, then the fasting blood sugar test can be performed to confirm if the person is diabetic or not. There are several blood glucose levels monitoring tests for diabetic patients like postprandial blood sugar test and glucose tolerance test. Doctors even recommend self-monitoring of blood glucose levels for every individual at regular intervals. This is simple, easy and can be done at home using blood glucose levels monitoring devices which are now easily available in the market at affordable costs.