The blood of both humans and animals contain sugar in it. The sugar is found in the form of glucose and is derived from carbohydrates that we eat. The pancreas produce insulin and this hormone is responsible for the conversion of the sugar in blood into energy for the body functioning. There is always reserve glucose in blood and this normal blood sugar range is determined after several researches. This level has been set at 70 to 150 mg per decilitre of blood. This is the random value and the level of blood sugar varies within this common range throughout the day.
Blood Sugar Range
The blood sugar level of an individual lies within the normal blood sugar range and changes depending upon the time of the day and the last meal. It can sometimes go high up the limit soon after a sweet meal and even come down on long hours of fasting, but the level should come back to the normal blood sugar range. If the level of sugar in blood does not lie within the normal blood sugar range for longer periods of time, then it is an issue of concern and will require medical interference.
If the blood sugar level on a random checking goes above the normal blood sugar range, then the condition is known as hyperglycemia and is popularly known as diabetes. Prolonged periods of lower levels than the normal blood sugar range diagnoses a condition known as hypoglycaemia. Low levels of blood sugar can be solved by eating sugary foods and keeping track of the condition with regular blood checks. Hyperglycemia is a more complex one and requires strict monitoring, medical assistance, and strict diet and reduced sugar intake. If left unnoticed, then both hyperglycemia and hypoglycaemia can cause major damages to the kidneys, heart, eyes and nerves.
Blood Sugar Range
The variation of the blood sugar of an individual from the normal blood sugar range is determined from various tests conducted. The fasting blood sugar test is done to determine if the level varies from the fasting normal blood sugar range of 80 to120 mg/dl. The test is conducted 8 hours after any kind of meal and the individual should not even drink water in this 8 hour period. This test is usually done early in the morning. The normal blood sugar range after 2 hours of food will be optimally below 170mg. Higher levels indicate diabetes and has to be rechecked and verified.
People with high blood pressure problem, obesity and genetic predisposition to diabetes are on the high risk level and should have their blood checked to determine any variation from the normal blood sugar range. People, who already face sugar fluctuation from the normal blood sugar range, should have frequent check-ups to keep track of the variations and make appropriate changes in the diet and medicine dosages. Using a personal sugar monitoring device can be more convenient for such people so that they can have a constant check on the sugar levels. In case of any variation from the normal level, the patient should instantly consult with the doctor after necessary first aid steps.