Fasting glucose is the blood glucose level of a person after 8 hours fasting. This test for blood glucose level is usually performed early in the morning on an empty stomach. This is considered to be normal if it lies in the range of 72 to 126mg/dl. If this level goes beyond the normal range then it is known as Impaired Fasting Glucose. The blood glucose level in a range of 101 – 125 mg/dl upon fasting blood glucose test is diagnosed as impaired fasting glucose. Beyond the level of 126 mg/dl, the condition is diagnosed as diabetes.
Impaired fasting glucose
is a condition where the person is between normal blood sugar level and abnormal level. This is a condition previous to diabetes, but that does not imply that the person will become diabetic. But it sure does pose a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It is therefore popularly known as pre-diabetes stage. The condition can also be diagnosed through blood test done two hours after of meal, where the result lies between 140 to 199mg/dl. This condition is known as impaired glucose tolerance. Impaired fasting glucose and glucose tolerance are the different names of the same issue known as pre diabetes or borderline diabetes.
People with impaired fasting glucose even face a high risk of possible heart disease. The risk for developing into diabetes and heart disease has invoked fear in the mind of people. Several studies are being conducted over this disease condition since 10 years. The Diabetes Prevention Program in 2002 stated that there have been 58% of cases reported where the condition was stopped from developing into diabetes. And this was achieved with weight loss and 30 minutes of daily physical activity 5 days in a week.
After several researches it has been proved that weight loss is the best solution to prevent impaired fasting glucose from developing into diabetes. The approved level is a 5 -10 % weight loss and this can be gained through a proper low calorie diet plan combined with regular exercise. An experienced diabetic specialist dietician can be your perfect guide to prevent impaired fasting glucose at its starting stage. Some doctors might even prescribe Metformin to patients who are overweight. This is typically prescribed to people who find it difficult to gain sudden weight loss due to lifestyle issues. They are eventually given time to reduce their weight as metformin helps to control the increase of
impaired fasting glucose level.
If you are diagnosed with impaired fasting glucose, the first thing to do is to check your body mass index. BMI level between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered normal and if it lies above 25, then it is time to step into action. High BMI in spite of increasing the risk of complicating the impaired fasting glucose level even increases the risk of heart disorders. Low calorie intake, reducing food cravings, stopping of junk foods, increased physical activity and changing in the sedentary lifestyle has been proven to be the best route to be in optimal health condition after being analyzed with impaired fasting glucose.