Glucose is the energy giver for the cells. Carbohydrates are the main source of glucose. Glucose travels through the blood to provide energy to the cells and tissues and thus help in carrying out body functions. The pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon hormones which bring about the assimilation of glucose into the blood and its absorption to the body cells. When the body functioning is improper due to issues with insulin production, then the absorption and break down of glucose becomes difficult and this rises the blood glucose beyond the normal glucose levels.
People begin worrying about the normal glucose levels and the body glucose level when they are diagnosed with diabetes. A simple statement over the normal glucose levels will define it to be between 70 and 150 milligram per decilitre blood. But this range cannot be defined as the optimal normal glucose levels at all times. The range may vary for various reasons like the time of day, the time since the last meal and the contents. Blood glucose levels over and below the normal glucose levels are both dangerous to the individual. It is therefore necessary that the blood glucose levels above or below the range should be taken care of.
Normal Glucose Levels
Blood glucose level below the normal glucose levels leads to a condition known as hypoglycaemia and the above the level is known as hyperglycemia. When the blood glucose falls below the normal glucose levels, it is usually symptomatic with dizzy, fatigue and irritability. In the absence of sudden action to raise the glucose level, the person may also fall unconsciousness. High blood sugar level is a more complex condition can low normal glucose levels. Hyperglycemia, also known as diabetes, if left unnoticed can cause major damages to the body and the organs.
Low blood sugar levels can be compensated by eating sugar rich foods, while that is not the case for diabetes. This is caused due to the malfunctioning of the insulin hormone or its absence. The blood glucose level can be bought back to normal glucose levels, only through a proper diet plan, exercise and sometimes even medication. Excess blood glucose excess pressure on the kidney and eventually will lead to the weakening of the kidneys. Loss of eye sight and even major damages to other body organs which may even end in death; have been associated with this kind of variation from the normal glucose levels.
Normal Glucose Levels
Several different kinds of blood tests are conducted and compared to the normal glucose levels for each of them. Fasting normal glucose levels is between 70 and 99 and the blood of the patient is checked after at least 8 hours of fasting. The 2 hour post prandial blood glucose level lies at 100 to 120 mg/dl two hours after the meal, independent of the amount of the type of food consumed. The glucose tolerance test is a great way to recognize people who are likely to become diabetic soon. The normal glucose levels is 155mg/dl and people who have the level above this, have fat deposits in the body or have high blood pressure problems, then they face diabetics risk.