Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and has been reported to be the type of diabetes in almost 90% of diabetes cases. There are basically two types of diabetes, namely type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is caused due to the inability of the body to produce enough insulin to bring about the digestion of sugars. There might be some damage caused to the pancreas which results in type 1 diabetes condition. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are caused due to the decreased action of the insulin. In both the cases, the basic symptoms of type 2 diabetes and type 1 are the same except for some.
One of the main reasons that make diagnosis of symptoms of type 2 diabetes difficult is because these symptoms develop very slowly and show up prominently only in the very advanced stages. One of the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes is fatigue. People who are overweight usually face this problem in their early stages of type 2 diabetes, but fail to recognize and relate it to the excess weight problem. Itching of the body and headache are other symptoms of type 2 diabetes which are not correlated with type 2 diabetes and are left unnoticed.
Sudden weight gain or weight loss is other symptoms of type 2 diabetes and can be easily recognized. In some people suffering from diabetes, the individual may not be able to assimilate the calories into energy, thus leading to shortage of energy for body processes. To meet the energy needs, the body will begin to depend upon the energy reserves and even the muscles, leading to sudden loss of body weight. Sometimes, the undigested fats will get sediment in the body tissues leading to excess weight gain. Therefore both of these are prominent symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
Unbalanced blood sugar level leads to a total disruption of the osmotic balance maintained between blood and urine by the kidney. Due to the excess sugar in blood, the kidney reabsorbs excess water from the blood to expel the sugars and this in turn sends message to the brain to invoke feeling of thirst to dilute the blood. Thus excess urination can be one of the significant symptoms of type 2 diabetes. And this excess urination when coupled with increased thirst can be diagnosed as symptoms of type 2 diabetes, and requires prompt confirmation through blood test.
Infections and wounds which take long to heal can be doubted to be symptoms of type 2 diabetes and should be confirmed with a blood glucose check. When the blood sugar levels are high, the white blood cells slowdown in their efficiency and thus wounds take longer to heal depicting symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Due to the inefficiency of the immune system caused as a result of symptoms of type 2 diabetes, the body also loses its ability to fight infections. Blurred vision is also sometimes taken into consideration as symptoms of type 2 diabetes by the doctor to recognise a diabetic patient.